Dog Group Kennel Club: Herding Group
Breed Classification: German Shepherds were first bred for sheep herding, guarding, and as a police dog. Today, the breed is still used for these purposes however they have also become ideal human companions for active families, and as guide dogs. It is also a popular breed in dog shows.
Physical Description: The German shepherd dog has a well-proportioned body. It has a long muzzle with a convex forehead and pointed ears. Its amiable expression gives the dog certain appeal. The shoulders and legs are muscular and it has a bushy tail. The most common colour of GSD is the black and tan combination however they also come in sable, black, or in blue and white. There are three recognized versions of the breed—long-haired, medium-haired, and rough-coated or shorthaired. They have hard outer coats with a thick undercoat.
Lifespan: 9-13 years
Litter size: 5-10
Bitch – Min 55 cm (22″) / Max 60cm (24″)
Dog – Min 60 cm (24 in) /Max 65 cm (26 in)
Bitch – Min 25kg (55 pounds)/ 33Kg (73 pounds)
Dog – Min 35kg (77 pounds) / 43 Kg (95 pounds)
Aliments: Indiscriminate breeding of German Shepherds have lead to the increased occurrence of hereditary diseases such as elbow and hip dysplasia. It is very important that both parents should be OFA certified.
Common Aliments: Hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, gastric torsion, blood disorders, von Willebrand’s disease (vWD) dwarfism, digestive problems, keratitis, cataract, epilepsy, flea allergies, chronic eczema, skin allergies, cardiomyopathy, perianal fistulas, and hemangiosarcoma. The breed is also susceptible to a fatal system infection caused by the fungus Aspergillus.
Susceptibility to Illness: High
Food cost: £4.00 – £7.50 per week
Average puppy price: £500 – £800
Other: German shepherd dogs are fairly inexpensive to keep provided that you follow the feeding program recommended by your veterinarian. Failure to follow the feeding guide can result in high veterinary fees.
Energy Level: High
Daily exercise needed: 2 hours
Distress if left alone: High
Barking Tendency: High
Ease of transportation: Low
Aggression level: High
Compatibility for children: Medium
Suitable for children: Medium
Coat length: Short/Medium
Grooming requirement: Daily brushing
Colour: The most common colour of GSD is the black and tan combination however they also come in sable, black, or in blue and white.
Shedding: Seasonally heavy shedder